ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTIONS OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES TOWARDS THE CONSERVATION VALUE OF GIBE SHELEKO NATIONAL PARK, SOUTHWESTERN ETHIOPIA

Belete Tilahun, Kassahun Abie, Asalfew Feyisa, Alemneh Amare

Abstract


The study assessed the attitude and perceptions of the local communities towards Gibe Sheleko National Park. The data was collected from three districts of Gurage Zone. Ten sample kebeles of the selected districts were selected by purposive sampling method based on the level interaction, distance from the park, and dependency on the park. The sample size of the respondents was 5% of the total households from each selected kebeles. Household survey, key informant interview, field observation, and focus group discussion were employed to collect the data. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 23 software. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test were used to analysis major determinant factors for perception and attitude of the local communities. The perception and attitude of the local communities towards the conservation values of Gibe Sheleko National Park showed a significant difference in education level, sex of respondents, distance from the park, and land owning inside or adjoin the park. Therefore, it can be concluded that sex, distance of settlement from the park, academic level and land owning inside or adjoining the park were the major determinant factors that influence perception and attitude of the local communities. Attending high level of education, far proximity from the park and male communities better understood the importance of wildlife and park. Therefore, to encourage partnership with adjacent community and implement conservation measure and awareness creation for local communities by considering these factors that affect on the attitude and perception of local communities towards Gibe Sheleko National Park. 


Keywords


Attitude; awareness; conservation value; Gibe Sheleko National Park; local community; perception.

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Aberham, M, Mundanthra, B. and Gurja, B. (2017), The attitudes and practices of local people towards wildlife in Chebera Churchura national park, Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 9(2), pp. 45–55. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/IJBC2016.0976.

Alemneh. A. (2015), Conservation challenges of Gibe Sheleko National Park, Southwestern Ethiopia.

Andrade, G. S. M. and Rhodes, J. R. (2012), Protected areas and local communities: an inevitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies? Ecology and Society, vol. 17, no. 4, p. 14. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05216-170414.

Azmeraw, A. (2015), Perception, attitude and impacts of local communities on Senkele Swayne’s hartebeest Sanctuary, Hawassa University, Ethiopia.

Beltrán, J. ed. (2000), Indigenous and Traditional Peoples and Protected Areas: Principles, Guidelines and Case Studies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerlandand Cambridge, UK and WWF International, Gland, Switzerland.xi.

Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (2007), The 2007 population and housing census of Ethiopia: Statistical report for Southern nation nationality region, Central Statistical Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Chape, S., Blyth, S., Fish, L., Fox, P. and Spalding, M. (compilers) (2003), United Nations List of Protected Areas. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK and UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.

Dorji, R. (2009), Interactions between protected areas and local communities- a case study from Jigme Dorji National Park, Bhutan, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.

Ebua, V. B., Agwafo, T. E. and Fonkwo, S. N. (2011), Attitudes and perceptions as threats to wildlife conservation in the Bakossi area, South West Cameroon. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 3(12), pp. 631–636.

Ethiopian wildlife conservation authority (2012), Protected wildlife areas of Ethiopia with their size, available at: http://www.ewca.gov.et/en/node/27.

Ethiopian wildlife conservation authority (2013),Challenges to Conservation and Protected Area Management, adapted from, available at: http://www.simienmountains.org/conservation/challenges.

Gandiwa, E., Gandiwa, P. Z, Muboko, N., Libombo, E, Mashapa, C. and Gwazani, R. (2014), Local People’s Knowledge and Perceptions of Wildlife Conservation in Southeastern Zimbabwe. Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 475–481. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jep.2014.56050.

Girma, E. (2010), Community Management and status of an Afro-alpine Ecosystem: The case of the Ethiopian Wolf at Mt. AbuneYoseph, A Thesis submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the requirement for the Master of Science Degree in Tropical Land Resource Management and Environmental protection, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia.

Heinen, J. T. (1993), Park-people relations in Kossi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepalia socio economic analysis. Environmental Conservation, vol. 20, is. 1, pp. 25–34. https://doi.org/10.1017/S037689290003719X.

Infield, M. (1988), Attitudes of a rural community towards conservation and a local conservation area in Natal, South Africa. Biological Conservation, vol. 45, is. 1, pp. 21–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(88)90050-X.

International Union for Conservation of Nature (1994), Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories. CNPPA with the assistance of WCMC.IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambrige, UK.

Mishra, C., Allen, P, McCarthy, T., Madhusadan, M. and Bayarjargal, A. (2003), The role of incentive programs in conserving the snow leopard. Conservation Biology, vol. 17, is. 6, pp. 1512–1520. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2003.00092.x.

Shibia, M. G. (2010), Determinants of Attitudes and Perceptions on Resource Use and Management of Marsabit National Reserve, Kenya. Journal of Human Ecology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 55–62.

Phillips, A. (2002), Management Guidelines for IUCN Category V Protected Areas: Protected Landscapes/Seascapes. IUCN Gland, Switzerlandand Cambridge, UK.

Phillips, A. (2003), The New Paradigm for Protected Areas, available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/43599027?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

Sutherland, W. J. (2000), The Conservation Handbook Research Management and Policy. University Press, Cambridge.

Wilson, T. S., Sleeter, B. M., Sleeter, R. R. and Soulard, C. E. (2014), Land-Use Threats and Protected Areas: A Scenario-Based, Landscape Level Approach. Land, vol. 3, is. 2, pp. 362–389. https://doi.org/10.3390/land3020362.

Tewodros, K. (2006), Human-wildlife conflict and population status of Swayne’s hartebeest (Alcelaphusbuselaphusswaynei) in Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Tewodros, K. and Afework, B. (2014), Attitude and Perceptions of Local Residents toward the Protected Area of Abijata-Shalla Lakes National Park (ASLNP), Ethiopia. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, vol. 4, is. 1, pp. 138. https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7625.1000138.

Vodouhe, F. G., Coulibaly, O., Adegbidi, A. and Sinsin, B. (2010), Community perception of biodiversity conservation within protected areas in Benin. Forest Policy and Economics, vol. 12, is. 7, pp. 505–512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2010.06.008.

Wells, W. D. (1974), Group interviewing. in R. Ferber, ed., Handbook of Marketing Research. McGrawHill Book Co, New York, USA.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licens 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

 

© Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 2015–2019.