Biogas production in individual biogas digesters: experience of India and prospects for Ukraine

Natalia Pryshliak

Abstract


Purpose. The aim of the study is to analyze the current state of biogas production in individual plants and to form the proposals for the development of individual biogas plants in India and Ukraine.

Methodology / approach. The methodological basis of the study is a systematic method of scientific knowledge of economic phenomena and processes. In the process of conducting the research, the following methods were used: logical generalization for theoretical substantiation of the essence of biogas production; system analysis to study and justify the benefits of biogas technology; monographic for in-depth study of the features of the construction of individual biogas plants; abstract-logical to summarize the results of the study and the formulation of conclusions.

Results. India has been determined to play a leading role in the research, development and distribution of renewable energy technologies. It has been proven that biogas production is a promising technology for converting agricultural, including animal, industrial and municipal waste into energy. The types of feedstock that are appropriate to be used for the production of biogas on an industrial scale and in individual biogas plants have been analyzed. A retrospective analysis of government initiatives to promote the development of biogas plants in India has been conducted. The positive factors for the construction of individual biogas plants for residents of rural areas have been characterized. Government measures for promotion the development of individual biogas plants have been analyzed.

Originality / scientific novelty. Barriers to the introduction of individual biogas plants in India are identified. For the first time, a matrix of SWOT-analysis of the biogas industry in individual biogas plants has been built. The analysis of government initiatives to stimulate the development of biogas technologies has been further developed. Proposals for the development of individual biogas plants in India and Ukraine were formed.

Practical value / implications. The potential of biogas production from animal waste in Ukraine has been analyzed. Measures to promote the development of biogas technologies in India and Ukraine have been proposed.


Keywords


biogas; efficiency; individual biogas plant; households; waste.

References


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