MEASURES TO OVERCOME CONSEQUENCES OF AGRICULTURAL LAND FRAGMENTATION: EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE AND UKRAINIAN REALITIES


Andriy Popov
Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchayev
Ukraine

Abstract


One of the land reform implementation results in Ukraine is the distribution of the state-owned agricultural land to the rural population in the form of physical land parcels. As a consequence, however, the land was subdivided into many small units. This land fragmentation has led to fundamental changes in the formation of the new agricultural enterprises and brought some negative consequences in their functioning. The problem of the land fragmentation in Ukraine is quite new and uninvestigated. The aim of the article is to analyze the existing measures (instruments) in European countries for reducing the effects of agricultural land fragmentation and to determine the possibility of «transplantability» of Western experience to Ukraine.

The principal measures to decrease the agricultural land fragmentation in European countries are: voluntary parcel exchange, land banking and land consolidation. The article presents the characteristics and comparative analysis of these measures. One of the four types of land fragmentation is a main problem of Ukraine, namely the discrepancy between the landownership and the land use. The Western European countries have been used the three instruments for reducing only two types of land fragmentation: the land use fragmentation and the internal fragmentation. Consequently, the using of Western European measures to decrease agricultural land fragmentation is impossible without their adaptation to the Ukrainian realities. Therefore, the actual problem in Ukraine today is to find the own measures to overcome the problem of agricultural land fragmentation based on the Western European experience.

Keywords


land fragmentation; land banking; land consolidation; land parcel; exchange; measures

References


Кілочко В. М. Земельна реформа і необхідність консолідації земель у сільському господарстві / В. М. Кілочко // Землеустрій і кадастр. – 2009. – № 2. – С. 18-20.

Мартин А. Г. Проблеми орендних відносин у сільськогосподарському землекористуванні [Електронний ресурс] / А. Г. Мартин. – Режим доступу: http://zsu.org.ua/andrij-martin/99-2011-10-04-14-34-10

Ткачук Л. В. Консолідація земель: ефективне використання та охорона в умовах трансформації земельних відносин : монографія / Л. В. Ткачук. – Львів: Львів. нац. аграр. ун-т, 2009. – 249 с.

Третяк А. Основні напрями змін та удосконалення державної земельної політики в Україні [Електронний ресурс] / А. Третяк. – Режим доступу: http://www.razumkov.org.ua/ukr/files/category_journal/NSD107_ukr_6.pdf

Шворак А. М. Теоретичні основи консолідації земель: зміст, мета, завдання, принципи / А. М. Шворак // Землеустрій і кадастр. – 2008. – № 4. – С. 11–13.

Bullard R. K. Reclamation of Abandoned Land Leading to Sustainable Development / R. K. Bullard // Land Reform and Sustainable Development. – Aldershot, Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 1999. – P. 287-300.

van Dijk T. Dealing with Central European Land Fragmentation: Ph.D. Thesis / Terry van Dijk. – The Netherlands: Uitgeverij Eburon, 2003. – 219 p.

Thomas J. Property rights, land fragmentation and the emerging structure of agriculture in Central and Eastern European countries / J. Thomas // e-Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics. – 2006. – Vol. 3, No. 2. – P. 225-275.

Operations manual for land consolidation pilot projects in Central and Eastern Europe [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://www.fao.org/3/a-ai142e.pdf

Principles of land consolidation legislation – A comparative study // FAO Legislative Series. – Rome: FAO, 1962. – No. 3. – 151 p.

Цивільний кодекс України (із змінами від 30.10.2015 р.). –[Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15

van Dijk T. Land consolidation as Central Europe’s Panacea reassessed [Електронний ресурс] / T. van Dijk // Proceedings of Symposium on Modern Land Consolidation, September 10-11, Volvic (Clermont-Ferrand), France, 2004. – Режим доступу: https://www.fig.net/commission7/france_2004/papers_symp/ts_01_vandijk.pdf

Hartvigsen M. Land Reform and Land Consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989: Experiences and Perspectives: Ph.D. Thesis / Morten Hartvigsen. – Aalborg: Aalborg University, 2015. – 449 p.

Thomas J. Modern Land Consolidation – recent trends on land consolidation in Germany [Електронний ресурс] / J. Thomas // FIG Commission VII-Symposium, September, Volvic, France, 2004. – Режим доступу: https://www.fig.net/commission7/france_2004/papers_symp/ts_03_thomas.pdf

King R., Burton S. Land fragmentation: notes on a fundamental rural spatial problem / R. King, S. Burton // Progress in Human Geography. – 1982. – Vol. 6(4). – P. 475-494.

Demetriou D. The Development of an Integrated Planning and Decision Support System (IPDSS) for Land Consolidation: Ph.D. Thesis / Demetris Demetriou. – Leeds: University of Leeds, 2012. – 353 p.

References

Kilochko, V. М. (2009), Land reform and the need for land consolidation in agriculture. Zemleustrii i kadastr, vol. 2, pp. 18–20.

Martyn, A. G. (2011), The problems of lease relations in agricultural land use [Online], available at: http://zsu.org.ua/andrij-martin/99-2011-10-04-14-34-10.

Tkachuk, L. V. (2009), Konsolidatsiia zemel: efektyvne vykorystannia ta okhorona v umovakh transformatsii zemelnykh vidnosyn [Land Consolidation: Efficient Use and Security in Terms of Transformation of Land Relations], Lviv National Agrarian University, Lviv, Ukraine.

Tretiak, A. (2009), The main directions of change and improvement of the state land policy in Ukraine [Online], available at: http://www.razumkov.org.ua/ukr/files/category_journal/NSD107_ukr_6.pdf

Shvorak, A. M. (2008), Theoretical foundations of land consolidation: meaning, purpose, objectives, and principles. Zemleustrii i kadastr, vol. 4, pp. 11–13.

Bullard, R. K. (1999), Reclamation of Abandoned Land Leading to Sustainable Development. Land Reform and Sustainable Development, Ashgate Publishing Ltd., pp. 287–300.

van Dijk, T. (2003), Dealing with Central European Land Fragmentation: Ph.D. Thesis, Uitgeverij Eburon, Netherlands.

Thomas, J. (2006), Property rights, land fragmentation and the emerging structure of agriculture in Central and Eastern European countries. E-Journal of Agricultural and Development Economics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 225–275.

FAO (2004), Operations manual for land consolidation pilot projects in Central and Eastern Europe, available at: http://www.fao.org/3/a-ai142e.pdf

FAO (1962), Principles of land consolidation legislation – A comparative study, Rome, no. 3.

The Civil Code of Ukraine (amended by 30.10.2015), available at: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/435-15

van Dijk, T. (2004), Land consolidation as Central Europe’s Panacea reassessed. Proceedings of Symposium on Modern Land Consolidation, September 10-11, Volvic (Clermont-Ferrand), France, available at: https://www.fig.net/commission7/france_2004/papers_symp/ts_01_vandijk.pdf

Hartvigsen, M. (2015), Land Reform and Land Consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989: Experiences and Perspectives: Ph.D. Thesis, Aalborg, Aalborg University, Denmark.

Thomas, J. (2004), Modern Land Consolidation – recent trends on land consolidation in Germany. FIG Commission VII-Symposium, September, Volvic, France, available at: https://www.fig.net/commission7/france_2004/papers_ symp/ts_03_thomas.pdf

King, R. and Burton, S. (1982), Land fragmentation: notes on a fundamental rural spatial problem. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 6(4), pp. 475-494.

Demetriou, D. (2012), The Development of an Integrated Planning and Decision Support System (IPDSS) for Land Consolidation: Ph.D. Thesis, University of Leeds, Leeds, England.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licens 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

 

© Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 2015–2019.

Open Science in Ukraine

Open Science in Ukraine