Zonal features of formation and reserves of increasing the sustainable competitiveness of agricultural enterprises


Anatolii Kucher
V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University; NSC «Institute for Soil Science and Agrochemistry Research named after O. N. Sokolovsky»
Ukraine

Abstract


Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the results of the study of zonal features of the formation and reserves of increasing the sustainable competitiveness of Ukrainian agricultural enterprises.

Methodology / approach. In this study, we used such methods: discriminant analysis (to develop a mathematical model for classifying enterprises by the Sustainable Competitiveness Index SCI); econometric modeling (to develop an econometric model of the dependence of the SCI of agricultural enterprises on the main sub-indices); economic-statistical and monographic (for the assessment and analysis competitiveness of enterprises); abstract-and-logical (for theoretical generalization and analysis of the research results); grapho-analytic (for the visual representation of the obtained results). The economic database of the 5597 agricultural enterprises located in Ukraine, which represent all the soil-climatic zones, was used as the empirical basis.

Results. This study presents empirical evidence on the zonal features of the formation of sustainable competitiveness of agricultural enterprises in Ukraine. The level of sustainable competitiveness of agricultural enterprises of the country in the context of three soil-and-climatic zones – the Steppe, Forest-steppe and Polissya was assessed, which allowed us to identify the zonal features of its formation and taking into account this data to determine the priorities for its increase. A discriminant analysis is made based on the results of assessing the competitiveness of agricultural enterprises, which allowed us to build a mathematical model for classifying entities depending on its level.

Originality / scientific novelty. The provision on zonal features of formation of sustainable competitiveness of agricultural enterprises on lands of different quality was further developed. As a result of the discriminant analysis it was developed, for the first time, a mathematical model of classification of enterprises for each group, depending on the level of competitiveness. For the first time, a multi-factor linear econometric model of the dependence of SCI from the main sub-indices was developed, the testing of which allowed us to quantify the SCI growth reserves of Ukrainian agricultural enterprises by improving the level of management and/or use of resources and to develop a forecast for increasing the sustainable competitiveness of enterprises in the medium term (until 2025).

Practical value / implications. The results of the study can be used for (i) identification of reserves for increasing sustainable competitiveness; (ii) estimation and forecasting the level of competitiveness of agricultural enterprises; (iii) assessment of the relative level of effectiveness of the management of formation of competitiveness.


Keywords


econometric model of the SCI; zonal features; reserves; forecast; sustainable competitiveness of agricultural enterprises; Ukraine.

References


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Corrigan, G., Crotti, R., Drzeniek Hanouz, M. and Serin, C. (2014), Assessing progress toward sustainable competitiveness. In Global competitiveness report 2014–2015. Geneva: World Economic Forum, available at: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2014-15/GCR_Chapter1.2_2014-15.pdf.

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Despotovic, D., Cvetanovic, S., Nedic, V. and Despotovic, M. (2019), Social Aspects of Sustainable Competitiveness in the Selected European Countries in the Period 2012–2015. Social Indicators Research, vol. 141(2), pp. 841–860. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-1840-4.

Doyle, E. and Perez-Alaniz, M. (2017), From the Concept to the Measurement of Sustainable Competitiveness: Social and Environmental Aspects. Foreign Entrepreneurs in China, vol. 5(4). https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2017.050402.

Doyle, E. and Perez-Alaniz, M. (2017), Sustainable Competitiveness & Eco-Innovation: Review of Concepts & Measurement Challenges, available at: https://www.ucc.ie/en/media/research/environmentalresearchinstitute/ReviewSustainableCompetitivenessERI.pdf.

Farah, A. B. and Gómez-Ramos, A. (2014), Competitiveness vs. Sustainability: An Assessment of Profitability as a Component of an Approach on «Sustainable Competitiveness» in Extensive Farming Systems of Central Spain. Sustainability, vol. 6, pp. 8029–8055. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6118029.

Kiseľáková, D., Šofranková, B., Čabinová, V. and Onuferová, E. (2018), Competitiveness and sustainable growth analysis of the EU countries with the use of Global Indexes’ methodology. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, vol. 5(3), pp. 581–599. https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2018.5.3(13).

Möbius, P. and Althammer, W. (2019), Sustainable competitiveness: a spatial econometric analysis of European regions. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2019.1593005.

Nadalipour, Z., Imani Khoshkhoo, M. H. and Eftekhari, A. R. (2019), An integrated model of destination sustainable competitiveness. Competitiveness Review, vol. 29, is. 4, pp. 314–335. https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-12-2017-0086.

Tvaronavičienė, M., Mačiulis, A., Lankauskienė, T., Raudeliūnienė, J. and Dzemyda, I. (2015), Energy security and sustainable competitiveness of industry development. Ekonomska Istraživanja – Economic Research, vol. 28(1), pp. 502–515. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2015.1082435.

Salimova, T., Guskova, N., Krakovskaya, I. and Sirota, E. (2019), From industry 4.0 to Society 5.0: Challenges for sustainable competitiveness of Russian industry. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 497(1), 012090. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/497/1/012090.

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Nowak, A. and Kaminska, A. (2016), Agricultural competitiveness: The case of the European Union countries. Agricultural Economics – Czech, vol. 62(11), pp. 507–516. https://doi.org/10.17221/133/2015-AGRICECON.

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Nikolyuk, O. (2011), Competitiveness of agricultural enterprises in the context of sustainable development policy. Management theory and studies for rural business and infrastructure development, no. 2(26), pp. 177–185.

Papageorgiou, A. (2012), Sustainable development as a solution to agricultural competitiveness: the case of Greece in the era of European integration. Journal of Central European Agriculture, vol. 13(3), pp. 458–474. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/13.3.1072.

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Are there any prospects for growing biotechnological crops in Ukraine, available at: http://www.ucab.ua/ua/pres_sluzhba/novosti/chi_e_perspektivi_ viroschuvannya_biotekhnologichnikh_kultur_v_ukraini.


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