Comparing climate adaptation strategies on technical efficiency of cassava production in Southwest, Nigeria


Rufus Owoeye
Ekiti State University
Nigeria

Abstract


https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.302969


Purpose. The purpose of the article – to assess the technical efficiency of climate adaptation practices on cassava production in two different agro-ecological zones within the study area to know where the climate adaptation practices are more productive. To achieve the main objective of the study, the specific objectives were stated as follows: (a) describe relevant socio-economic characteristics of cassava farmers in southwestern region of Nigeria; (b) assess the influence of the used climate change adaptation strategies on technical efficiency of cassava production in both agro-ecological zones.

Methodology / approach. The study was carried out in Ekiti, Osun and Oyo State in the southwestern region of Nigeria, where two different agro-ecological zones (AEZ) (rain forest and guinea savannah) were chosen for the study. The study used multi-stage sampling procedures, with well-structured questionnaire, to select 150 cassava producers from each AEZ, making a total of 300 cassava producers for the study. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and stochastic frontier production function.

Results. From the study, it was revealed that cassava farmers in the study area were relatively young, fairly educated, mostly married, well experienced, adequately aware of climate change, but operated on a small scale. The result on the influence of climate adaptation strategies on technical efficiency of cassava production in both rain forest and savannah AEZs within the study area revealed that technical inefficiency existed in cassava production as confirmed by the gamma values of 0.687 and 0.639 in rain forest and savannah respectively

Originality / scientific novelty. The study has really revealed diverse climate adaptation options available to cassava farmers in order to sustain its production as a means of employment to the unemployed, food consumption and contribution to the national gross domestic product. Studies comparing climate adaptation practices on the technical efficiency of cassava production in different agro-ecological zones in southwestern part of Nigeria are relatively scarce considering the mixture of socio-economic and climate variables to assess technical efficiency of cassava production.

Practical value / implications. The study has succeeded in identifying key factors that will enables policy makers to formulate a sustained policy framework that would encourage the use of multiple climate adaptation practices by the cassava farmers. To ensure sustainability of cassava production, it is therefore recommended that farmers should use different adaptation strategies to climate change e.g crop diversification, multiple planting dates, land fragmentation, use of improved varieties and off farm income activities that would bring increase in their scale of operation as most of the cassava farmers in the study areas cultivated less than 2 hectares of land for cassava production.


Keywords


climate adaptation strategies; technical efficiency; cassava production; Nigeria.

Full Text:

PDF

References


El-ladan, I. (2014), Climate change and security in Nigeria. International conference on possible impacts of climate change on Africa, Institute of African Research and Studies, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Enete, A. A., Otitoju, M. A. and Ihemezie, E. J. (2014), The choice of climate change adaptation strategies among food crop farmers in Southwest, Nigeria. 15th Annual National Conference of Nigerian Association of Agricultural Economics (NAAE), Bayelsa 2014At: Niger Delta University, Wilberforce island Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Fosu-Mensah, B. Y., Vlek, P. L. G. and Manschadi, A. M. (2010), Farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change: a case study of Sekyedumase District in Ghana in Proceedings of the World Food System–A Contribution from Europe Farmers’, Tropentag, Zurich, Switzerland.

Guthiga, P. and Newsham, A. (2011), Meteorologists meeting rainmakers: indigenous knowledge and climate policy processes in Kenya. IDS Bulletin, vol. 42, is. 3, pp. 104–109. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1759-5436.2011.00228.x.

IPCC (2014), Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report’ Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC, eds. R. K. Pachauri and L. A. Meyer, IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.

Okoli, J. N. and Ifeakor, A. C. (2014), An overview of climate change and food security: adaptation strategies and mitigation measures in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, vol. 5, is. 32, pp. 13–19.

Khanal, U., Wilson, C., Lee, B., and Hoang, V. (2017), Do climate change adaptation practices improve technical efficiency of smallholder farmers? Evidence from Nepal in Proceedings of the 61st Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, ed. J. Rolfe, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society (AARES), Australia.

Roco, L., Bravo-Ureta, B., Engler, A., Jara-Rojas, R. (2017), The impact of climatic change adaptation on agricultural productivity in Central Chile: a stochastic production frontier approach. Sustainability, vol. 9, is. 9, 1648. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9091648.

Torres, M. A. O., Kallas, Z., Herrera, S. I. O. and Guesmi, B. (2019), Is technical efficiency affected by farmers’ preference for mitigation and adaptation actions against climate change? A case study in Northwest Mexico. Sustainability, vol. 11, is. 12, 3291. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123291.

Nhemachena, C. and Hassan, R. M. (2007), Micro-level analysis of farmers’ adaptation to climate change in Southern Africa. IFPRI Research Brief 15(7). Washington, D.C., USA.

Olesen, J. E., Trnka, M., Kersebaum, K., Skjelvåg, A., Seguin, B., Peltonen-Sainio, P., Rossi, F., Kozyra, J. and Micale, F. (2011), Impacts and adaptation of european crop production systems to climate change. European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 34, is. 2, pp. 96–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2010.11.003.

Osanyinlusi, O. I. and Adenegan, K. O. (2016), The Determinants of Rice Farmers’ Productivity in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 6, is. 2, pp. 049–058. http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.2.122615174.

Otitoju, M. A. and Enete, A. A. (2014), Climate change adaptation strategies and farm-level efficiency in food crop production in Southwestern, Nigeria. Tropicultural, vol. 32, is. 3, pp. 113–120.

Sekumade, A. B. and Owoeye, R. S. (2016), Climate change adaptation practices and technical efficiency of cassava production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Economics, Extension and Rural Development, vol. 4, is. 5, pp. 440–447.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licens 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

 

© Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2015–2020.

Open Science in Ukraine

Open Science in Ukraine