Transformation of land relations regulation mechanism throughout the rural sustainable development context
Purpose. The aim of the article is to reveal the main transformation directions of the land relations mechanism from the point of state regulation for the sustainable development of rural areas.
Methodology / approach. Methods of research applied to the issue were the following: the dialectical-determining key contradictions of land relations regulation mechanism in the context of sustainable rural development; abstract-logical approach, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction were used for the algorithm of generalization throughout the transfer of state-owned land to communal ownership for territorial communities, the decentralization and the fulfillment of local budgets, conclusions formulation and elaboration of proposals, therefore; a purpose-oriented concerning the investigation of the state regulatory framework regarding land relations and legislative initiatives that should facilitate the improvement in the direction of elaboration of sustainable land relations regulation mechanism; statistical and graphical for analyzing the dynamics of rental charges for state property agricultural land, rental rights for which are sold on land auctions, illustrations of land payments to the local budgets, its structure and share in the total revenues amount.
Results. The primary institutional and legal contradictions of the land relations regulation mechanism in the context of basic principles throughout the rural territories balance development are determined; the scale of land disputes in administrative, civil and commercial courts of first instance is described in detail. Legislative initiatives aimed at the mechanism of state regulation in the field of land relations improvement with the purpose of encouraging villages and settlements to unite into self-sufficient territorial communities are summarized profoundly.
The algorithm of the state-owned land plots transfers to the communal property of the united territorial communities, and also the functions of the State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre (StateGeoCadastre), executive authorities and local self-government authorities ensuring this process are highlighted too. The transformation of payments for land, the aspect of their target destination according to rational land usage, ecologization of agrarian production and other environmental measures of rural areas were investigated entirely. The proposals on improving the mechanism of land relations state regulation with the special purpose for rural territories balanced the development that have been processed by completing the rural settlement network borders determination with corresponding institutionalization, improvement of land taxation administration and rent charges for agricultural land, strengthening of public control over the compliance with land and tax legislation.
Originality / scientific novelty. The unique novelty of this investigation is the determination of land resources as the priority factor of a self-sufficient rural areas development in modern times and conditions.
Practical value / implications. The practical issue concerns the suggestions, aimed at improvement of legislation mechanism for land regulation in order to keep the priorities and backgrounds of a sustainable rural development.
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