The evolution and experience of China’s rural governance reform

  • Nataliia Stoyanets Sumy National Agrarian University
  • Zetao Hu Sumy National Agrarian University; Henan Institute of Science and Technology
  • Junmin Chen Henan Institute of Science and Technology
Keywords: rural governance, evolution, governance capacity, economic development, China.



Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to review the evolutionary development process of rural governance in New China and to reflect on the governance measures adopted by the country's rural revitalization strategy.

Methodology / approach. This paper uses theoretical analysis and comparative analysis methods to analyze the rural governance practices since the founding of New China by using the perspective of endogenous development theory. Through the literature research and related policy documents of a large number of rural governance researches, the paper summarizes the accumulated data, analyzes the evolution process of rural governance in China and evaluates the current status of the governance system.

Results. The article briefly reviews the evolution of rural governance in China since the founding of New China, including major policy adjustments and changes in actual conditions. Domestic scholars have studied the ability of each subject to participate in governance and the actual governance model. It should be pointed out that the importance of participating ability in the subject is more significant when various conditions are becoming more and more perfect. Especially in the case of the countrys continuous strengthening of the external governance capacity at the grassroots level, the villagers own participation ability and willingness have not improved, so the purpose of governance itself is difficult to achieve. It may further affect the realization of the national rural revitalization strategy and the governance modernization process of the entire country.

Originality / scientific novelty. From the perspective of endogenous development, this paper analyzes the ability of rural governance to participate in the main body, and evaluates the problems faced by rural governance in the current stage of Chinas injection of huge resources into rural areas.

Practical value / implications. To better play a role in the current rural revitalization strategy, the government provides a way of thinking to better formulate policies and achieve sustainable development in rural areas.


Huizhong, L. and Ming, L. (2011), Institutional Supply, Fiscal Decentralization and Rural Governance in China. Academic Monthly, vol. 4, pp. 73–82.

Shuguang, W. (2017), Rural China, Peking University Press, China.

Xianglu, Y. (2017), The strategy of improving rural governance capacity. Rural Economy, vol. 12, pp. 11–12.

Rongrong, L. (2018), Research on the Competency of Township Cadres under the Vision of Modernization of Governance Capability. Theoretical Exploration, vol. 3, pp. 81–105.

Zi, Y. (2018), The basic rural governance unit and its governance capacity construction. Journal of South China Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), vol. 3, pp. 107–118.

Jingdong, Q. (2012), The Project System: A New Form of State Governance. Social Sciences in China, vol. 33, is. 4, pp. 28–47.

Yan, W. and Chonghui, W. (2017), The Chinese Logic of Consultative Governance. Social Sciences in China, vol. 38, is. 3, pp. 5–24.

Mingzhu, X. (2014), Peasant political participation and modernization of rural governance capacity. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 89–101.

Yiqiang, L. and Ming, C. (2010), Balance between Control and Autonomy: Rural Democracy from the Perspective of Social Autonomy Capacity Building. Contemporary World and Socialism (bimonthly), vol. 3, pp. 11–19.

Ying, H. (2008), Analysis of the Realistic Dilemma of Gradual Villager Autonomy in China. Heilongjiang Social Sciences, vol. 5, pp. 61–77.

Deru, Y. (2016), Promoting Contemporary Chinese Rural Governance with New Village Sage. Theoretical Discussion, vol. 1, pp. 17–28.

Guofang, Z. (2009), Village governance in the perspective of social capital. Zhejiang University, China.

Zi, Y. (2018), The «oligarchic law» of village governance and its interpretation. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University (Social Science Edition), vol. 2, pp. 120–134.

Thuesen, A. A. and Nielsen, N. C. (2014), A territorial perspective on EU’s LEADR approach in Denmark: The added value of community-led local development of rural and coastal areas in a multi-level governance settings. European Countryside, vol. 6, is. 4, pp. 307–326.

Shucksmith, M. (2009), Disintegrated Rural Development? Neo-endogenous Rural Development, Planning and Place-Shaping in Diffused Power Contexts. Journal of European Society for Rural Sociology, vol. 50, is. 1, pp. 1–14.

Mosimane, A. and Silva, J. (2015), Local Governance Institutions, CBNRM, and Benefit-sharing Systems in Namibian Conservancies. Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 99–112.

Šimon, M. and Bernard, J. (2016), Rural Idyll Without Rural Sociology? Changing Features, Functions and Research of the Czech Countryside. Eastern European Countryside, vol. 22, is. 1, pp. 53–68.

How to Cite
Stoyanets, N., Hu, Z., & Chen, J. (2019). The evolution and experience of China’s rural governance reform. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 5(2), 40-50. Retrieved from