Forming the capability of rural and settlement united territorial communities in Ukraine: using the experience of Poland


Keywords: rural and settlement united territorial communities, gminas, UTCs' capacity, UTCs' budgets, gminas' budgets, UTCs' own revenues, UTCs' area.

Abstract

Purpose. The aim of the article – carrying out theoretical-methodological and empirical studies of the causes of insufficient capacity of created rural and settlement united territorial communities (UTCs) of Luhansk region with a help of comparative analysis of Poland's experience in decentralization and local self-government reforms; determining the trend of UTCs development and improving their financial-and-economic condition in Ukraine.

Methodology / approach. In the context of the implementation of dialectical methodology, the following methods of cognition were used. The method of comparisons is for a generalized survey of decentralization and local self-government reforms in Ukraine and Poland. The method of grouping – when separating rural and settlement UTCs in Ukraine, in particular, Luhansk region, for further analysis of their financial and economic condition. The method of economic and mathematical modeling – to determine the trend of dependence of the amount of money earned by communities per capita on the area of agricultural land of these communities.

Results. On the basis of a direct analysis from the implementation of local government reforms to date, a systematic comparative analysis of the conditions for the establishment of gminas in Poland and UTCs in Ukraine, which allowed to clearly identify the relevant socio-economic challenges in Ukrainian realities. It was shown that neither the current legislation of Ukraine nor the existing Methodologies of the Cabinet of Ministers take into account the common real situation when some UTCs (UTCs-recipients) attract residents from other UTCs (UTCs-donors) for work, purchase of goods and payment for services, etc. As a result, UTCs-recipients will receive additional revenues to their budgets from UTCs-donors.

Originality / scientific novelty. On the example of the analysis of financial and economic results of a separate group of rural and settlement UTCs of Luhansk region, the argumentation of a new understanding of the identified contradictions of local government reform in Ukraine was improved: the quantitative assessment of the capability of the created UTCs according to the Methodology adopted by the government practically does not correlate with their indicators of filling in local budgets. For the first time, using economic-mathematical modeling was proved that the increase in the area of UTCs' agricultural land has a positive impact on the amount of own revenues pulled by communities to their budgets in calculation per inhabitant, as evidenced by the trend of such impact.

Practical value / implications. Identified obstacles and factors for increasing the effectiveness of UTCs' can be used by public authorities and local governments for planning new and regulating the activities of already established communities. Using the experience of Poland, consideration of the identified shortcomings of the current UTCs' formation in Ukraine and their budgets is the basis to identify the best directions and mechanisms to improve legislation on the creation and development of rural and settlements' UTCs in Ukraine.

References

1. Про утворення та ліквідацію районів: Постанова Верховної Ради України від 17.07.2020 р. № 807-IX. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/807-20#Text.
2. Про добровільне об’єднання територіальних громад: Закон України від 05.02.2015 р. № 157-VІІІ. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/157-19.
3. Методика формування спроможних територіальних громад: Постанова Кабінету Міністрів України від 8.04.2015 р. № 214. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/214-2015-%D0%BF.
4. Україна та Польща підписали Меморандум про співпрацю з підтримки реформи місцевого самоврядування в Україні. Урядовий портал. 17 грудня 2014 р. URL: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/news/247825260.
5. Про затвердження Методичних рекомендацій щодо формування і реалізації прогнозних та програмних документів соціально-економічного розвитку об’єднаної територіальної громади: Наказ Міністерства регіонального розвитку, будівництва та житлово-комунального господарства України від 30.03.2016 р. № 75. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0075858-16#Text.
6. Моніторинг процесу децентралізації влади та реформування місцевого самоврядування (станом на 10 листопада 2019 р.): Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України. Децентралізація. URL: https://www.minregion.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/10.11.2019.pdf.
7. Бориславська О., Заверуха І., Захарченко Е. та ін. Децентралізація публічної влади: досвід європейських країн та перспективи України. DESPRO. Київ: Софія, 2012. 128 с. URL: https://despro.org.ua/media/upload/decentral_zac_ya_publ_chno_vladi_dosv_d_evropeyskih_derzhav_ta_perspektivi_ukra_ni(2).pdf.
8. Ганущак Ю. Реформа територіальної організації влади. Київ: Софія-A, 2013. 160 с.
9. Практичний посібник з питань формування спроможних територіальних громад. USAID. URL: http://auc.org.ua/sites/default/files/library/posibnyk.tergrweb.pdf.
10. Бриль М., Врублевський О., Данчева О., Сеїтосманов А., Чубаров Е. Успішна територіальна громада: будуємо разом. Харків: Фактор, 2018. 128 с.
11. Малік М. Є., Шпикуляк О. Г., Мамчур В. А. Інституційна формалізація розвитку сімейних фермерських господарств в Україні. Економіка АПК. 2018. № 10. С. 72–85. URL: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.201810072.
12. Єременко Д. В. Теоретико-методичні засади оцінки конкурентоспроможності фермерських господарств сімейно-трудового типу. Науковий вісник Херсонського державного університету. Серія Економічні науки. 2017. Вип. 22. Ч. 1. С. 113–117.
13. Овчаренко Т., Бочі А., Поворозник В. Особливості формування та виконання бюджету об’єднаних територіальних громад. Проект «Фінансова прозорість об’єднаних громад» за підтримки Посольства Нідерландів (програма MATRA). Міжнародний центр перспективних досліджень (МЦПД). 2017. URL: http://icps.com.ua/assets/uploads/images/images/eu/t_ormuvannya_vikon_budjet_final.pdf.
14. Супрун О. Чинники впливу на ефективність діяльності об’єднаних територіальних громад. Голос України. 24 січня 2020 р. URL: http://www.golos.com.ua/article/326737.
15. Гаманюк О., Пальчук М. Розмір має значення: доходи менших громад зростають швидше, ніж у більших. URL: https://voxukraine.org/uk/rozmir-maye-znachennya-dohodi-menshih-gromad-zrostayut-shvidshe-nizh-u-bilshih.
16. Куценко Т. Ф., Дударенко Є. Ю. Об’єднані територіальні громади в Україні: короткий аналітичний огляд. Економіка та держава. 2017. № 3. С. 64–70.
17. Показники доходів та видатків зведених бюджетів регіонів. URL: https://openbudget.gov.ua/local-budget?id=12505000000.
18. Дуб А. Рейтинг богатейших ОТГ, или где в Украине жить хорошо. URL: https://biz.liga.net/all/all/article/reyting-bogateyshih-otg-ili-gde-v-ukraine-jit-horosho.
19. Савченко О. С. Актуалізація нових аспектів формування публічного простору усередині об’єднаних територіальних громад в Україні. Вісник ЛНУ імені Тараса Шевченка. Педагогічні науки. 2019. № 6(329). Ч. 1. С. 44–54. https://doi.org/10.12958/2227-2844-2019-6(329)-1-44-54.
20. Про внесення змін до «Методики формування спроможних територіальних громад»: Постанова Кабінету Міністрів України від 24.01.2020 р. № 34. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/34-2020-%D0%BF#Text.
21. Крат М., Софій О. Порівняльний аналіз процесу децентралізації України та Польщі. Європейський діалог. URL: http://dialog.lviv.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Porivnyalniy-analiz-protsesu-detsentralizatsiyi-Ukrayini-ta-Polshhi.pdf.
22. Как работает местное самоуправление в Польше. URL: https://vchasnoua.com/special/democracy/actual/50110-kak-rabotaet-mestnoe-samoupravlenie-v-pol-she.
23. Кращі практики самоврядування Польщі: що цікавого дізналися представники громад Рівненщини та Волині від польських колег. Децентралізація. https://donors.decentralization.gov.ua/advice/7631.
24. Польський досвід: спроможність гмін. Децентралізація. URL: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/7060.
25. Kononenko О. Transformation of land relations regulation mechanism throughout the rural sustainable development context. Agricultural and Resource Economics. 2019. Vol. 5. No. 1. Pp.19–36. URL: https://are-journal.com.
26. Чеботарьов В. А. Державна регуляторна політика інноваційної структурної трансформації харчової та переробної промисловості: моногр. Луганськ: ДЗ «Луганський національний університет імені Тараса Шевченка», 2011. 448 с.
27. Lavruk A. Problems of formation of the modern state policy on development of animal husbandry. Agricultural and Resource Economics. 2019. Vol. 5. No. 2. Pp. 25–39. URL: https://are-journal.com.
28. Ovcharenko I., Prus N., Koreniev E., Bogdanov R. Choice and assessment of a technique of planning in management of production resources of the rural enterprises. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development. 2020. Vol. 42. No. 2. Рp. 108–117. https://doi.org/10.15544/mts.2020.11.
29. Skydan O., Nykolyuk O., Pyvovar P., Martynchuk I. Methodological approach to the evaluation of agricultural business system flexibility. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development. 2020. Vol. 41. No. 4. Рp. 444–462. https://doi.org/10.15544/mts.2019.36.
30. Program Rewitalizacji Gospodarczej Obszaru Delty Wisły i Zalewu Wiślanego / red. P. Kowalik. Gdańsk: TRIADA, 2006. 224 s.
31. Davydenko N., Lemishko O. The impact of the industrial revolution on the population employment structure in the agrarian economy sector. The impact of industry 4.0 on job creation: proceedings of scientific papers from the international scientific conference (Trenčianske Teplice, 21 November 2019). Trenčianska univerzita Alexandra Dubčeka v Trenčíne, 2020. Рp. 88–93.
32. Raźniak P., Winiarczyk-Raźniak A. Spatial distribution and differences in migration patterns and revenues of gminas in the Kraków Metropolitan Area. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2013. Vol. 19. Pp. 73–86. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2013-0005.
33. Brauer R., Dymitrow M. Quality of life in rural areas: a topic for the rural development policy? Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2014. Vol. 25. Pp. 25–54. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2014-0028.
34. Biegańska J., Szymańska D. The scale and the dynamics of permanent migration in rural and peri-urban areas in Poland – some problems. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2013. Vol. 21 Pp. 21–30. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2013-0017.
35. Konecka-Szydłowska B., Maćkowiak H. Spatial differences in the level of population and settlement development in Wielkopolskie voivodship. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2014. Vol. 24. Pp. 93–104. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2014-0016.
36. Stanny M. Spatial diversification of the balance on the labour market in rural areas in Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2010. Vol. 14. Pp. 103–111. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10089-010-0018-x.
37. Nazarczuk J. M. Regional distance: the concept and empirical evidence from Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2015. Vol. 28. Pp. 129–141. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2015-0020.
38. Sojka E. Demographic changes in the area of Śląskie voivodeship – retrospective analysis and projection until 2050. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2016. Vol. 31. Pp. 113–128. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0008.
39. Pomianek I., Chrzanowska M. A spatial comparison of semi-urban and rural gminas in Poland in terms of their level of socio-economic development using Hellwig’s method. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2016. Vol. 33. Pp. 103–117. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0028.
40. Markuszewska I. Rural area marginalisation: searching for tendencies. Case study: the Western fringes of Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2015. Vol. 29. Pp. 75–91. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2015-0026.
41. Hoffmann R., Hoffmann N. The LEADER programme as an impulse for new projects in rural areas. Quaestiones Geographicae. 2018. Vol. 37. Is. 2. Рp. 141–150. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2018-0014.
42. Leśniewska-Napierała K., Napierała T. Participatory budgeting: creator or creation of a better place? Evidence from rural Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series. 2020. Vol. 48. Pp. 65–81. http://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2020-0014.
43. Ilnicki D. Rural areas as the origin and destination of permanent internal migrations between 2002 and 2017 in Poland. A local-level analysis (Nuts 5). Quaestiones Geographicae. 2020. Vol. 39. Is. 2. Рp. 15–30. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2020-0015.
44. Lemishko O. Formation of analytical tools of capital reproduction in the agricultural sector of Ukraine. Agricultural and Resource Economics. 2020. Vol. 6. No. 3. Pp. 64–79. URL: https://are-journal.com.
45. Trushkina N., Rynkevich N. Modernization of organizational culture of enterprises in the epoch of digital transformations. Agricultural and Resource Economics. 2020. Vol. 6. No. 2. Pp. 144–173. URL: https://are-journal.com.
46. Glinkowska B., Chebotarov V. Analiza porównawcza profilu współczesnego ukraińskiego “wielokulturowego” menedżera: imperatywy przyszłości w kontekście internacjonalizacji. Comparative Economic Research. Central and Eastern Europe. 2018. Vol. 21. No. 3. Pp. 63–74. https://doi.org/10.2478/cer-2018-0019.
47. Glinkowska B., Chebotarov V. Zakładanie działalności gospodarczej na Ukrainie – wybrane aspekty organizacyjno‑prawne. Comparative Economic Research. Central and Eastern Europe. 2019. Vol. 22. No. 1. Pp. 75–86. https://doi.org/10.2478/cer-2019-0005.
48. Glinkowska B., Chebotarov Ie., Chebotarov V. Badania porównawcze krajowych kultur biznesowych w krajach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej: przesłanki poprawy międzynarodowej przedsiębiorczości. Comparative Economic Research. 2020. Vol. 23. No. 1. Pp. 7–18. https://doi.org/10.18778/1508-2008.23.01.
49. Khirivskyi R., Cherevko H., Yatsiv I., Pasichnyk T., Petryshyn L., Kucher L. Assessment and analysis of sustainability of the socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities of the region. European Journal of Sustainable Development. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 2. Pp. 569–578. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n2p569.
50. Khirivskyi R., Petryshyn L., Pasichnyk T., Brukh O., Bernatska I., Kucher L. Assessment and forecast of the efficiency of use of the financial resources of amalgamated territorial communities in the context of European integration. European Journal of Sustainable Development. 2020. Vol. 9. No. 3. Pp. 607–615. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n3p607.
51. Markuszewska I. Sentimentality versus transformation of the historical traditional rural landscape (a case study: the landscape of Dutch law settlement in Poland). Quaestiones Geographicae. 2019. Vol. 38. Is. 1. Рp. 53–70. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0001.
52. Maćkiewicz B., Asuero R. P., Almonacid A. G. Urban agriculture as the path to sustainable city development. Insights into allotment gardens in Andalusia. Quaestiones Geographicae. 2019. Vol. 38. Is. 2. Рp. 121–136. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0020.
53. Jedlička J., Havlíček M., Dostál I., Huzlík J., Skokanová H. Assessing relationships between land use changes and the development of a road network in the Hodonín region (Czech Republic). Quaestiones Geographicae, 2019. Vol. 38. Is. 1. Рp. 145–159. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0003.
54. Федоркова Т. Децентрализация в Польше. 25 лет спустя. URL: https://www.mediaport.ua/decentralizaciya-v-polshe-25-let-spustya.
55. Про внесення змін до Закону України «Про добровільне об’єднання територіальних громад» щодо добровільного приєднання територіальних громад сіл, селищ до територіальних громад міст республіканського Автономної Республіки Крим, обласного значення: Закон України від 03.04.2018 р. № 2379-VІІІ. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2379-19#Text.
56. Особливості формування бюджетів об’єднаних територіальних громад – роз’яснення експерта. Децентралізація. URL: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/3958.
57. Савченко О. С. Актуалізація розвитку підприємництва як чинника фінансової спроможності об’єднаних територіальних громад. Теорія та практика управління суб’єктами підприємництва: кол. моногр. / за заг. ред. Т. В. Гринько. Дніпро: Видавець Біла К. О., 2020. С. 213–222.

References
1. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2020), The Resolution «On establishment and liquidation of districts», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/807-20#Text.
2. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2015), The Law of Ukraine «On voluntary association of territorial communities», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/157-19.
3. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2015), The Resolution «Methodology for the formation of capable territorial communities», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/214-2015-%D0%BF.
4. Ukraine and Poland signed a Memorandum of cooperation in support of local government reform in Ukraine (2014), Uriadovyi portal, December 17, available at: https://www.kmu.gov.ua/news/247825260.
5. Ministry of Regional Development, Construction, Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine (2016), The Decree «On approval of Methodical recommendations on the formation and implementation of forecast and program documents of socio-economic development of united territorial community», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0075858-16#Text.
6. Ministry of Communities and Territories Development (2019), Monitoring the process of decentralization of power and reform of local self-government, available at: https://www.minregion.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/10.11.2019.pdf.
7. Boryslavska, O., Zaverukha, I., Zakharchenko, E. and others (2012), Detsentralizatsiia publichnoi vlady: dosvid yevropeiskykh krain ta perspektyvy Ukrainy [Decentralization of public power: the experience of European countries and prospects of Ukraine], Sofiia, Kyiv, Ukraine.
8. Hanushchak, Yu. (2013), Reforma terytorialnoi orhanizatsii vlady [Reform of the territorial organization of power], Sofiia-A, Kyiv, Ukraine.
9. A practical guide to building talented local communities. USAID (2015), Practical guide to the formation of capable territorial communities, available at: http://auc.org.ua/sites/default/files/library/posibnyk.tergrweb.pdf.
10. Bryl, M., Vrublevskyi, O., Dancheva, O., Seitosmanov, A. and Chubarov, E. (2018), Uspishna terytorialna hromada: buduiemo razom [Successful territorial community: building together], Faktor, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
11. Malik, M., Shpykuliak, O. and Mamchur, V. (2018), Institutional formalization for development of family farms in Ukraine. Ekonomika APK, no. 10, pp. 72–85. https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.201810072.
12. Yeremenko, D. (2017), Theoretical and methodological principles for assessing the competitiveness of family-labor farms. Scientific Bulletin of Kherson State University. Economic Sciences Series, vol. 22, part 1, pp. 113–117.
13. Ovcharenko, T., Bochi, A. and Povoroznyk, V. (2017), Features of the formation and implementation of the budget of the united territorial communities. United Communities Financial Transparency Project, supported by the Embassy of the Netherlands (MATRA program). International Center for Policy Studies (ICPS), available at: http://icps.com.ua/assets/uploads/images/images/eu/t_ormuvannya_vikon_budjet_final.pdf.
14. Suprun, O. (2020), Factors influencing the effectiveness of united territorial communities. Voice of Ukraine, January 24, available at: http://www.golos.com.ua/article/326737.
15. Gamanyuk, O. and Palchuk, M. (2020), Size matters: the incomes of smaller communities are growing faster than those of larger ones, available at: https://voxukraine.org/uk/rozmir-maye-znachennya-dohodi-menshih-gromad-zrostayut-shvidshe-nizh-u-bilshih.
16. Kutsenko, T. and Dudarenko, Y. (2017), United territorial communities in Ukraine: brief analytical review. Ekonomika ta derzhava, no. 3, pp. 64–70.
17. Indicators of revenues and expenditures of the consolidated budgets of the regions (2020), available at: https://openbudget.gov.ua/local-budget?id=12505000000.
18. Dub, A. (2019), Rating of the richest UTCs, or where is to live well in Ukraine, available at: https://biz.liga.net/all/all/article/reyting-bogateyshih-otg-ili-gde-v-ukraine-jit-horosho.
19. Savchenko, O. S. (2019), Updating of new aspects of public space formation within united territorial communities in Ukraine. Bulletin of Luhansk Taras Shevchenko National University. Pedagogical sciences, no. 6(329), part 1, pp. 44–54, https://doi.org/10.12958/2227-2844-2019-6(329)-1-44-54.
20. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2020), Resolution on amendments to the «Methodology for the formation of capable territorial communities», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/34-2020-%D0%BF#Text.
21. Krat, M. and Sofii, O. (2017), Comparative analysis of the decentralization process of Ukraine and Poland. European dialogue, available at: http://dialog.lviv.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Porivnyalniy-analiz-protsesu-detsentralizatsiyi-Ukrayini-ta-Polshhi.pdf.
22. How local government works in Poland (2017), available at: https://vchasnoua.com/special/democracy/actual/50110-kak-rabotaet-mestnoe-samoupravlenie-v-pol-she.
23. Decentralization (2017), Best practices of Polish self-government: what was interesting was learned by representatives of the communities of Rivne and Volyn from Polish colleagues, available at: https://donors.decentralization.gov.ua/advice/7631.
24. Decentralization (2017), Polish experience: the capacity of gminas, available at: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/7060.
25. Kononenko, О. (2019), Transformation of land relations regulation mechanism throughout the rural sustainable development context. Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 19–36, available at: https://are-journal.com.
26. Chebotarov, V. A. (2011), Derzhavna rehuliatorna polityka innovatsiinoi strukturnoi transformatsii kharchovoi ta pererobnoi promyslovosti [State regulatory policy of innovative structural transformation of food and processing industry], DZ «Luhanskyi natsionalnyi universytet imeni Tarasa Shevchenka», Luhansk, Ukraine.
27. Lavruk, A. (2019), Problems of formation of the modern state policy on development of animal husbandry. Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 25–39, available at: https://are-journal.com.
28. Ovcharenko, I., Prus, N., Koreniev, E. and Bogdanov, R. (2020), Choice and assessment of a technique of planning in management of production resources of the rural enterprises. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 108–117. https://doi.org/10.15544/mts.2020.11.
29. Skydan, O., Nykolyuk, O., Pyvovar, P. and Martynchuk, I. (2020), Methodological approach to the evaluation of agricultural business system flexibility. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 444–462. https://doi.org/10.15544/mts.2019.36.
30. Kowalik, P. (ed) (2006), Programme of revitalization of the area of the delta of river Vistula and Vistula lagoon. TRIADA, Gdańsk, Poland.
31. Davydenko, N. and Lemishko, O. (2020), The impact of the industrial revolution on the population employment structure in the agrarian economy sector. The impact of industry 4.0 on job creation, Alexander Dubcek University in Trencin, Trencin, Slovakia, 21 November, pp. 88–93.
32. Raźniak, P. and Winiarczyk-Raźniak, A. (2013), Spatial distribution and differences in migration patterns and revenues of gminas in the Kraków Metropolitan Area. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 19, pp. 73–86. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2013-0005.
33. Brauer, R. and Dymitrow, M. (2014), Quality of life in rural areas: a topic for the rural development policy? Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 25, pp. 25–54. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2014-0028.
34. Biegańska, J. and Szymańska, D. (2013), The scale and the dynamics of permanent migration in rural and peri-urban areas in Poland – some problems. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 21, pp. 21 – 30. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2013-0017.
35. Konecka-Szydłowska, B. and Maćkowiak, H. (2014), Spatial differences in the level of population and settlement development in Wielkopolskie voivodship. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 24, pp. 93–104. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2014-0016.
36. Stanny, M. (2010), Spatial diversification of the balance on the labour market in rural areas in Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio–economic Series, vol. 14, pp. 103–111. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10089-010-0018-x.
37. Nazarczuk, J. M. (2015), Regional distance: the concept and empirical evidence from Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 28, pp. 129–141. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2015-0020.
38. Sojka, E. (2016), Demographic changes in the area of Śląskie voivodeship – retrospective analysis and projection until 2050. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 31, pp. 113–128. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0008.
39. Pomianek, I. and Chrzanowska, M. (2016), A spatial comparison of semi-urban and rural gminas in Poland in terms of their level of socio-economic development using Hellwig’s method. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 33, pp. 103–117. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2016-0028.
40. Markuszewska, I. (2015), Rural area marginalisation: searching for tendencies. Case study: the Western fringes of Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 29, pp. 75–91. https://doi.org/10.1515/bog-2015-0026.
41. Hoffmann, R. and Hoffmann, N. (2018), The LEADER programme as an impulse for new projects in rural areas. Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 37, is. 2, pp. 141–150. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2018-0014.
42. Leśniewska-Napierała, K. and Napierała, T. (2020), Participatory budgeting: creator or creation of a better place? Evidence from rural Poland. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, vol. 48. pp. 65–81. http://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2020-0014.
43. Ilnicki, D. (2020), Rural areas as the origin and destination of permanent internal migrations between 2002 and 2017 in Poland. A local-level analysis (Nuts 5). Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 39, is. 2, pp. 15–30. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2020-0015.
44. Lemishko, O. (2020), Formation of analytical tools of capital reproduction in the agricultural sector of Ukraine. Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 6, no. (3), pp. 64–79, available at: https://are-journal.com.
45. Trushkina, N. and Rynkevich, N. (2020), Modernization of organizational culture of enterprises in the epoch of digital transformations. Agricultural and Resource Economics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 144–173, available at: https://are-journal.com.
46. Glinkowska, B. and Chebotarov, V. (2018), A comparative cross-cultural analysis of the profile of a modern Ukrainian manager: the imperatives of the future in the context of Internationalization. Comparative Economic Research, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 63–74. available at: https://doi.org/10.2478/cer–2018–0019.
47. Glinkowska, B. and Chebotarov, V. (2019), Establishing a business in Ukraine – the Initial regulatory organizational and legal aspects for Polish entrepreneurs. Comparative Economic Research. Central and Eastern Europe, vol. 22(1), pp. 75-86. https://doi.org/10.2478/cer-2018-0019.
48. Glinkowska, B., Chebotarov, Ie. and Chebotarov, V. (2020), Comparative studies of national business cultures in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe: the basics for improving international entrepreneurship in Poland and Ukraine. Comparative Economic Research, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 7–18. https://doi.org/10.18778/1508-2008.23.012008.23.01.
49. Khirivskyi, R., Cherevko, H., Yatsiv, I., Pasichnyk, T., Petryshyn, L. and Kucher, L. (2020), Assessment and analysis of sustainability of the socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities of the region. European Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 569–578. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n2p569.
50. Khirivskyi, R., Petryshyn, L., Pasichnyk, T., Brukh, O., Bernatska, I. and Kucher, L. (2020), Assessment and forecast of the efficiency of use of the financial resources of amalgamated territorial communities in the context of European integration. European Journal of Sustainable Development, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 607–615. https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2020.v9n3p607.
51. Markuszewska, I. (2019), Sentimentality versus transformation of the historical traditional rural landscape (a case study: the landscape of Dutch law settlement in Poland). Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 38, is. 1, pp. 53–70. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0001.
52. Maćkiewicz, B., Asuero, R. P. and Almonacid, A. G. (2019), Urban agriculture as the path to sustainable city development. Insights into allotment gardens in Andalusia. Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 38, is. 2, pp. 121–136. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0020.
53. Jedlička, J., Havlíček, M., Dostál, I., Huzlík, J. and Skokanová, H. (2019), Assessing relationships between land use changes and the development of a road network in the Hodonín region (Czech Republic). Quaestiones Geographicae, vol. 38, is. 1, pp. 145–159. https://doi.org/10.2478/quageo-2019-0003.
54. Fedorkova, T. (2015), Decentralization in Poland. 25 years later, available at: https://www.mediaport.ua/decentralizaciya-v-polshe-25-let-spustya.
55. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (2018), The Law of Ukraine «On Amendments to the Law of Ukraine «On Voluntary Association of Territorial Communities» on voluntary accession of territorial communities of villages, settlements to territorial communities of cities of the republican Autonomous Republic of Crimea, of regional significance», available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2379-19#Text.
56. Decentralization (2017), Features of budget formation of united territorial communities – expert's explanation, available at: https://decentralization.gov.ua/news/3958.
57. Savchenko, O. S. (2020), Actualization of entrepreneurship development as a factor of financial capability of united territorial communities in Theory and practice of business management, ed. T. V. Hrynko. Publisher Bila K.O., Dnipro, Ukraine.
Published
2020-12-20
How to Cite
Kolosov, A., Glinkowska-Krauze, B., Chebotarov, I., Savchenko, O., & Chebotarov, V. (2020). Forming the capability of rural and settlement united territorial communities in Ukraine: using the experience of Poland. Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, 6(4), 118-143. Retrieved from https://are-journal.com/index.php/are/article/view/367
Section
Articles